Научен ръководител: доц. д-р С. Минков Рецензент: доц. д-р. Т. Тодоров
ШУМЕНСКИ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ „ЕПИСКОП КОНСТАНТИН ПРЕСЛАВСКИ” КАТЕДРА ПО ИСТОРИЯ И АРХЕОЛОГИЯ 2020
Abstract: The period XIV-XVI century leaves a lasting imprint on the history of the Balkan Peninsula. The new state, the Ottoman Empire, conquered new territories and used them for its conquest of new lands. Its path of expansion from Southeast Europe to Central and Western Europe passed through the Western Balkans, turning the countries of the region into victims of Ottoman aggression. In 1459, the army of Mehmed II the Conqueror captured the capital of Serbia, Smederevo, and put an end to the medieval Serbian state. A little later, in 1463, the state of Bosnia was destroyed, and in 1483 the freedom of Herzegovina was taken away. The fate of Albania is the same: after numerous revolts of the feudal lords against the Ottoman rule and the heroic resistance of the Albanian national hero Skenderbeg, at the end of the fifteenth century the Albanian people fell under Turkish rule. After the resistance in the Albanian mountains was crushed, the last hour of Montenegro came. Its territories were annexed to the Ottoman state in 1499. The Croatian people were also under attack. They led a two-hundred-year life-and-death struggle with the Ottomans. In this article we will trace the struggle and destruction of the countries of the Western Balkans during the conquest of Southeast Europe by the Ottoman Turks.
Key words: Western Balkans, Ottoman Empire, conquest, Central Europe, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Montenegro, Croatia, Ottoman-Hungarian duel, Ottoman-Venetian duel